The 4IR and the Humanities in South Africa: Perspectives on innovation, power and potentialities

Volume editor
Bhaso Ndzendze
Volume editor
Asheel Singh
Volume editor
Suzall Timm


The world is at a cross-roads because of industrial change, compounded by a global pandemic. Humanities and social science education is grappling with the meaning of this change, to the effect that there have been some anxieties and misguided perceptions about the irrelevance of the humanities in this emerging new world. With the emergence of new technologies, this book highlights the indespensible centrality of humanity and the humanities going forward. The book will provide a reference point for new and innovative approaches to the humanities in the 4IR in South Africa and Africa. Its diverse content means that it will be of use across the spectrum of humanities and social science.


  • Chapter 1
    4IR and gender-responsive budgeting in South Africa: Policy challenges and alternatives
    Tinuade A Ojo, Zainab M Olaitan
  • Chapter 2
    AI sword and shield: Implications for cybersecurity in South Africa
    Mancha J Sekgololo
  • Chapter 3
    (Mis)Trust in the news media’s anthropomorphic framing of AI technologies in the (future) world of work: Perceptions of humanities students in South Africa
    Susan I Brokensha
  • Chapter 4
    Inequalities in South African Indigenous Languages During the Fourth Industrial Revolution (4IR)
    Ndivhuwo D Sundani, Mmatlou J Malatji
  • Chapter 5
    Neopatrimonialism and digital client politics: The use of big data in African electoral campaigns
    Zimkhitha Manyana
  • Chapter 6
    Googling and electoral cycles in the United States and South Africa: Mutual interests, big data and digital global citizenship
    Bhaso Ndzendze, Mancha J Sekgololo
  • Chapter 7
    Humanising the 4IR: Graduate employability and the career paths of Sociology post-graduate students at a South African Higher Education Institution
    Pragna Rugunanan, Celine Meyers
  • Chapter 8
    Extraditing the oral-based knowledge of indigenous games to the computational-based approach of the 4IR
    Thizwilondi J Madima, Pfarelo E Matshidze, Vhonani O Netshandama
  • Chapter 9
    The holism of ubuntu: The missing link in 4IR-led environmental justice solutions
    Nombulelo T Shange
  • Chapter 10
    Collaborative efforts between universities and industries in South Africa amid the Fourth Industrial Revolution (4IR)
    Bhaso Ndzendze, Asheel Singh, Suzall Timm


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