Living Water: An interdisciplinary exploration of water as a theological theme

Volume editor
Manitza Kotzé

Manitza Kotzé is an associate professor in the Faculty of Theology, NWU, Potchefstroom campus, where she teaches Dogmatics and Christian Ethics. Within the faculty, she is affiliated with the Unit for Reformed Theology and the Development of the South African Society. She attained her PhD in Bioethics and Systematic Theology from Stellenbosch University. After a postdoctoral research fellowship at the University of the Western Cape, she was appointed at NWU. Her research interest focuses on the interplay between doctrine and bioethics, particularly questions raised by biotechnology, including assisted reproductive technologies and human biotechnological enhancement.

Volume editor
Kobus van der Walt

Kobus van der Walt serves as a professor of Philosophy of Science and Technology in the Faculty of Natural Sciences and Agriculture, NWU, Potchefstroom campus. His original training was in Earth Sciences, and he was active in that field for more than 20 years, focusing on sustainable development. The relationship between humankind and creation naturally piqued his interest in the philosophy of natural science field, and for the past decade he has specialised in the relationship between science and faith, particularly allusions to God as revealed by natural sciences.


Water will undoubtedly become an ever more crucial locus of academic reflection, as Christiana Peppard’s concern that “wars of the future will be fought over water, not oil” (2014) stresses. Increasing water shortages worldwide and global warming of water, in particular the salt water of the oceans, beg further reflection from natural and agricultural sciences, the legal field, and also from theology. As a basic human right, water is also closely connected to peace and justice issues. This book is an interdisciplinary undertaking looking at water as a theological symbol in the fields of theology, natural and agricultural sciences, and law. Providing reflections from a variety of disciplines within theology, as well as from other disciplines such as natural sciences and law from the South African context, this book makes a valuable contribution to knowledge in this field.


  • Chapter 1
    The water of deliverance
    JM (Koos) Vorster
  • Chapter 2
    Adequate water as a global bioethical principle: A broad Protestant-theological foundation in hindsight
    Riaan Rheeder
  • Chapter 3
    Saving water? A theological exploration of ‘water as gift’
    Nadia Marais
  • Chapter 4
    The river of the water of life: Water as a theological symbol in Christian eschatology
    Manitza Kotzé
  • Chapter 5
    The wonder of water
    Kobus van der Walt
  • Chapter 6
    The deeper meaning of water: Groundwater reflected in creation
    Koos Vivier
  • Chapter 7
    The role of groundwater in the Bible
    Stephan J Pretorius
  • Chapter 8
    The uniqueness of water
    TN Lemmer
  • Chapter 9
    The transformed property regime of the National Water Act 36 of 1998: Reflections on the conception of stewardship and the dominion over water as a ‘God-given resource’
    Germarié Viljoen


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